There must be a reason we’re promoting Arabica Coffee, but why? What the heck does Arabica Coffee mean anyway? Let’s find out.
Caffea Arabica Species
Like all organisms, coffee has its own taxonomy. In fact, there are over 100 different coffee species in the world but the two most popular species are Caffea Arabica and Caffea Canephora, commonly referred to as Arabica and Robusta respectively. Arabica is considered the more superior choice which is why some retailers advertise it. Let’s find out why.
Generally speaking, Arabica coffees require higher elevations for growth. A typical Arabica bean is grown between 800 meters to 2,200 meters. A higher elevation usually carries a premium because it adds to the complex flavor and greater acidity of the coffee. This is why some roasters have started to place the elevation data on their coffee bags. However, the higher the elevations, the slower the growth which impacts production and ultimately increases cost.
Conversely, a Robusta coffee can grow as low as 600 meters, and thus grows twice as fast making it much more economical for producers.
Arabica coffee trees take between 5 to 7 years to fully mature while a Robusta tree can take anywhere from 2 to 3 years. A small farmer in Panama is taking a huge risk planting Arabica trees because they are essentially investing for the longer term. This puts added pressure and costs on their business which results in higher green bean prices.
Caffeine & Chlorogenic Acids
Robusta coffees contain twice as much caffeine and chlorogenic acids than Arabica. Both of these factors affect the taste of coffee. Generally speaking a Robusta will taste more bitter, woody and leathery, which scientists attribute to the levels of caffeine and chlorogenic acids.
The caffeine content also has a biological reason: pest control. Robusta coffees are known for being much more resistant to pests and insects because of the increased amount of caffeine which acts like a natural deterrent. The lower levels of caffeine in Arabica coffees make them more prone to insect damage and require a lot more care and maintenance. These factors result in higher green bean prices.
Lipids & Sugars
Arabica contains almost 60% more lipids and almost twice the amount of sugar. These play an important part in not only the flavor, but the aroma and body of the coffee. Arabica beans taste better because the increase in sugar gives the coffee a better taste, a cleaner mouthfeel, and a decrease in bitterness.
Coffee brands are available at Kai Cafe
located Km4,La Trinidad,Benguet. Just message their page mentioned ❤️
Special Thank you Kai Cafe for promoting local products 🙏
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